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Pencil Drawing Techniques

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In the hands of an artist, the pencil is the most basic and powerful tool. It plays a major role in different forms of art. Numerous artists over the ages have produced some great works of art just by sketching with the pencil along with the help of a few blending tools. The pencil is the first tool that a beginner level artist needs to master. Below, I have discussed some important pencil drawing techniques.

The very first thing you need to understand is how to grip your pencil. Selecting the pencil comes later. Hold it sideways so that you can use the tip to maximize the utility of the pencil and to cover large areas while shading.

Not just blend with the pencil. Use different tools to blend your drawings. Use erasers, stumps, tortillions, chamois skins, and charcoals etc. Blending helps to bring in random, stray lines together to give them a cohesive feel.

While shading, firstly make all your lines go in one direction and secondly shade in patches as this helps define shapes in your drawing. It keeps different parts of the same drawing in perspective and is great for adding texture and background. Below are mentioned five techniques of pencil shading:

  • Hatching – this technique is about marking out small lines bunched together to create fill color from further away. Add or reduce pressure to make it look heavy or light.

 

 

  • Cross-Hatching – it’s the same on as the previous with the exception of repeating the process in the other direction and adding layers stacked on each other. This is great for adding darker shades to portraits. This technique is not recommended for blending graphite as there is over smudging. 

 

 

  • Stipping – this is very similar to hatching but this uses tiny dots and dashes. This shading technique is good for designing small areas like the iris, light stubble, light skin pigmentation. Just apply light pressure to get good results.

 

 

  • Back and Forth Stroke – this is a very basic and easy technique. We have been doing this while we were kids. Just rapidly move your pencil to the right and left at the very beginning. Vary the speed and pressure too to get different densities of shades. Use this near the outlines of objects that you are drawing to ensure the fill shade stays within the correct area. 

 

  • Scumbling – this is done by moving the pencil in very small compact circles. Gradually increase the sizes of the circles to cover more area. Gently apply the pressure while maintaining a constant slow pace in making the circles. This technique is good for getting smooth blending and keeps the shaded area tight.

 

 

 Get a smooth sketching paper and practice these techniques for long every day to get better fast. While shading, make sure you are maintaining the line weight in different areas of varying darkness. The more you try out different methods the better you will get at developing a good sense of 3d drawing, size, shape, proportions, perspective and accuracy.

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Writing Source: A Mim Likhon

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PENCIL DRAWING TECHNIQUES by The Art & Craft Therapy Room

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